Por fraude no sistema de cotas raciais, 192 alunos podem ser desligados da Unesp em agosto

Desde 2014, cerca de 6 mil alunos pretos, pardos e indígenas entraram para a Universidade através do sistema de cotas raciais; professor membro das comissões de averiguação explica a política pública 

Publicado em 13 de agosto de 2019

Juarez Xavier é Professor do Departamento de Comunicação Social da Unesp Bauru e coordenador do Núcleo Negro para Pesquisa e Extensão Universitária (ARTE: Letícia Sartori/JORNALDOIS sob pinturas de Jean-Michel Basquiat e TJ Agbo)
Por Vítor Soares

A Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) foi a primeira instituição pública de ensino superior do estado de São Paulo a adotar o sistema de cotas no vestibular. De lá para cá, desde 2014, cerca de 6 mil estudantes pretos, pardos e indígenas ingressaram nos 136 cursos de graduação da instituição.

O feito, inédito na história do país, teve como base diretrizes estipuladas em âmbito nacional com aprovação do Congresso e sanção da então presidente da República Dilma Roussef (PT). Naquele ano, 2012, somente a Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro (Uerj) havia adotado cotas raciais em sua prova de ingresso.

Cinco anos depois, em 2017, a ONG Educafro, que atua para promover o acesso de negros ao ensino superior, protocolou junto ao Ministério Público uma denúncia sobre possíveis fraudes na política de inclusão em todo o país. Segundo o grupo, estudantes brancos estariam se autodeclarando como negros para obter direito às cotas.

Após as denúncias, a Unesp, em todos os seus campi, formalizou a criação de uma comissão temporária responsável por avaliar os dispostos na denúncia e passou a investigar, internamente, os casos de fraude.

Ao todo, 1903 alunos tiveram suas auto declarações avaliadas até o primeiro semestre deste ano. Desse total, 27 análises resultaram em expulsão e outras dezenas estão em fase de recurso junto à reitoria da Universidade.

Em agosto, 192 novos casos de possíveis fraudes serão avaliados pela comissão de averiguação — agora permanente na universidade — e há a possibilidade de novas expulsões.

Para ajudar a evitar que novos casos dessa natureza ocorram, conversei com o professor de jornalismo da Unesp, Juarez Xavier, que é presidente da comissão permanente de averiguação. Ele explicou quais critérios devem ser considerados pelo vestibulando na hora de assinalar a opção de cota racial na inscrição do vestibular.

Fatores fenotípicos

O principal critério estipulado pelo governo federal para a concessão do direito à cota racial no Brasil é fenotípico, ou seja, tem a ver com a aparência e não com os traços genéticos da pessoa.

Segundo Juarez, é essa definição de negritude que norteia o racismo vigente no Brasil. Nesse sentido, características como cor da pele, textura do cabelo e fisionomia (formato de boca, nariz e olhos) são levadas em conta pelas comissões de averiguação.

“Quanto mais escura é a pele, mais a pessoa sofre com o preconceito e a violência na sociedade brasileira”, explica o professor, que, além de professor, é coordenador do Núcleo Negro Unesp para a Pesquisa e Extensão (Nupe).

Convergência de fatores

Juarez explica ainda que não basta ter apenas uma das características estipuladas para ter o direito à cota. É preciso que haja, como explicou, uma convergência entre as características físicas que denotem a ascendência preta, parda ou indígena do aluno.

A regra para investigação, vigente nos atuais processos, é embasada por diretrizes definidas pelo Superior Tribunal Federal (STF), ainda em 2012, quando partidos políticos tentaram barrar o avanço das cotas raciais no Brasil.

À época, além de impugnar o pedido de barrar a política pública, o STF definiu que as universidades teriam autonomia para instalar suas comissões.

Inclusão

Para o professor Juarez Xavier, o sistema de cotas raciais deve ser protegido e aprimorado, a exemplo de outras políticas de inclusão que estão “mudando a cara da universidade”.

Ele destaca, nesta década, o aumento no número de mulheres, negros e pobres na Unesp, bem como a ampliação das políticas de diversidade a partir da adoção do nome social no ato matrícula, desde o ano passado.

“É um avanço para estes grupos acêntricos do ponto de vista acadêmico, social, étnico, e do ponto de vista da diversidade”, completa.

 
 
20 cidades serão visitadas em 10 dias pela Comissão de averiguação das autodeclarações de pretos e pardos na UNESP para aferição de documentos de 192 alunos. (Arte: Letícia Sartori/JORNALDOIS sob FOTO: Cristiano Zanardi/FOLHAPRESS e PINTURAS: Jean-Michel Basquiat e TJ Agbo)

Comments

  1. Thank you for your entire effort on this web site. My mum enjoys setting aside time for investigation and it’s really obvious why. My spouse and i know all of the dynamic way you offer worthwhile steps via your web blog and boost participation from other individuals on the theme while our own child is becoming educated a lot. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. You’re the one doing a dazzling job.

  2. A lot of thanks for every one of your labor on this web site. Gloria takes pleasure in managing internet research and it’s easy to see why. We learn all regarding the lively form you convey both useful and interesting strategies via your web site and even strongly encourage response from other ones about this subject matter plus our own simple princess is without question studying so much. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. You have been conducting a stunning job.

  3. Thank you so much for providing individuals with a very special opportunity to read from this website. It is often very useful and full of fun for me and my office colleagues to visit your web site nearly thrice every week to study the fresh issues you have. Not to mention, we are always astounded for the stunning advice you give. Some two facts on this page are easily the most beneficial I have had.

  4. I wanted to write down a simple word to be able to express gratitude to you for all the marvelous strategies you are writing on this site. My time-consuming internet search has at the end been rewarded with wonderful know-how to write about with my family members. I ‘d say that many of us visitors actually are undeniably endowed to exist in a great website with very many brilliant individuals with great tips. I feel quite lucky to have used your webpage and look forward to plenty of more fun minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once again for everything.

  5. I precisely had to say thanks yet again. I am not sure the things that I would have gone through in the absence of the tips shared by you relating to such subject matter. It was before a very challenging difficulty in my opinion, but coming across the very specialised approach you handled the issue forced me to leap over gladness. I will be happier for this help and as well , expect you realize what an amazing job that you’re doing instructing many people through the use of a site. I am sure you haven’t met any of us.

  6. I wanted to send you the little remark so as to thank you once again with the awesome tips you’ve discussed in this article. This has been so pretty open-handed with you to grant freely what some people would have offered for an e book to generate some cash for their own end, mostly since you could have done it in the event you desired. These points additionally served to provide a good way to be aware that other people have a similar eagerness just as my very own to figure out lots more with reference to this issue. I’m certain there are millions of more fun opportunities ahead for many who looked at your blog post.

  7. I enjoy you because of all your valuable hard work on this website. My aunt delights in making time for internet research and it is simple to grasp why. A lot of people notice all of the lively tactic you make rewarding ideas on this blog and in addition invigorate response from visitors on the theme then our favorite princess is learning a great deal. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. Your carrying out a splendid job.

  8. I want to point out my love for your generosity for those individuals that actually need help with in this question. Your personal dedication to passing the message all-around appeared to be exceptionally powerful and has really encouraged women like me to reach their goals. Your entire insightful guideline indicates a lot to me and somewhat more to my office workers. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  9. I precisely wanted to appreciate you once again. I’m not certain what I could possibly have made to happen in the absence of the type of creative concepts shown by you over such a theme. It was before an absolute daunting dilemma in my position, however , coming across your professional manner you treated it made me to cry over joy. Now i am thankful for this help and hope you comprehend what an amazing job you are accomplishing training the rest through your web site. I know that you’ve never encountered any of us.

  10. I happen to be commenting to make you understand what a beneficial discovery my wife’s child enjoyed reading your webblog. She came to understand a lot of things, with the inclusion of what it’s like to possess a very effective teaching mood to make other individuals really easily master specific impossible matters. You really surpassed visitors’ expectations. I appreciate you for delivering those practical, safe, edifying and in addition cool thoughts on your topic to Emily.

  11. I needed to put you that little bit of remark to finally say thanks a lot as before for all the pretty tricks you’ve documented above. This has been simply tremendously generous of people like you to grant unreservedly exactly what many of us would’ve offered for sale as an e-book to help with making some money for their own end, principally given that you might well have tried it if you ever wanted. Those principles likewise served to become fantastic way to fully grasp other people have a similar passion really like mine to figure out more and more related to this issue. I am certain there are some more pleasant situations ahead for individuals that find out your blog.

  12. My spouse and i ended up being satisfied Albert managed to deal with his survey while using the precious recommendations he grabbed from your blog. It is now and again perplexing to simply happen to be offering instructions which many people might have been selling. And we all grasp we’ve got the writer to appreciate for this. The main explanations you made, the easy site menu, the relationships you can assist to create – it is most impressive, and it is letting our son and our family believe that this theme is exciting, which is really important. Many thanks for all the pieces!

  13. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extremely terrific opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this web site. It is often so beneficial and as well , stuffed with fun for me and my office colleagues to search your website at least 3 times per week to read through the latest guidance you will have. Of course, I’m certainly fascinated for the unique methods served by you. Selected 1 ideas in this post are easily the most impressive we’ve ever had.

  14. I want to show my thanks to this writer just for bailing me out of this particular difficulty. Just after exploring through the world-wide-web and finding views which were not productive, I assumed my life was over. Living devoid of the strategies to the issues you have solved as a result of this guideline is a serious case, and those that would have in a wrong way affected my entire career if I had not noticed your web blog. Your own skills and kindness in touching almost everything was priceless. I don’t know what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a solution like this. It’s possible to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for the reliable and effective guide. I won’t think twice to propose your blog post to anyone who needs and wants direction on this topic.

  15. I enjoy you because of all your valuable hard work on this web page. Kate delights in doing research and it is easy to see why. Most people know all relating to the lively way you render important strategies by means of this web blog and in addition invigorate participation from visitors on that point then our own princess is without question studying so much. Enjoy the remaining portion of the new year. You have been performing a brilliant job.

  16. I am glad for commenting to let you know what a beneficial encounter my wife’s princess developed reading the blog. She learned a lot of things, which include how it is like to possess a very effective giving mood to have other folks without difficulty gain knowledge of specified multifaceted topics. You truly surpassed our expectations. Thanks for coming up with the great, healthy, explanatory and even unique tips on the topic to Gloria.

  17. I happen to be writing to make you know what a amazing discovery my friend’s child experienced reading through your blog. She even learned plenty of details, with the inclusion of what it is like to possess a marvelous helping mindset to make other folks just know just exactly a variety of tricky topics. You undoubtedly did more than her expected results. I appreciate you for delivering those interesting, safe, educational and fun tips on this topic to Janet.

  18. I and also my buddies were actually studying the nice things found on your web blog then at once developed a terrible suspicion I had not thanked the site owner for them. Most of the boys were so thrilled to learn them and have clearly been tapping into those things. Thanks for indeed being simply thoughtful and also for deciding on this sort of superior themes most people are really wanting to learn about. My personal honest apologies for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  19. I precisely desired to say thanks once more. I do not know what I could possibly have taken care of in the absence of those smart ideas revealed by you directly on that field. Entirely was a very traumatic difficulty in my opinion, but understanding your well-written way you dealt with that took me to cry with gladness. Now i am happier for the advice as well as have high hopes you are aware of an amazing job you are doing training most people by way of your web site. I know that you haven’t encountered all of us.

  20. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extraordinarily nice chance to check tips from here. It is usually so brilliant and also stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office colleagues to search your website on the least 3 times in a week to learn the latest guides you have got. Not to mention, I’m also actually pleased for the terrific creative ideas served by you. Some 3 facts in this post are essentially the very best we’ve ever had.

  21. I simply wished to say thanks once again. I am not sure the things I might have done in the absence of the entire smart ideas contributed by you about this topic. It had become the terrifying dilemma in my circumstances, however , taking note of the well-written mode you treated it took me to cry with fulfillment. Extremely happy for this support and then trust you realize what a great job your are undertaking teaching the mediocre ones thru a site. I’m certain you have never got to know any of us.

  22. I have to express my appreciation to the writer for rescuing me from this type of condition. Because of researching through the search engines and meeting things that were not pleasant, I was thinking my life was done. Being alive without the presence of answers to the difficulties you’ve resolved through your entire post is a crucial case, and the kind which may have in a negative way affected my career if I had not noticed your blog post. Your own talents and kindness in controlling all areas was priceless. I’m not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t encountered such a solution like this. I can also at this point look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for the expert and results-oriented guide. I will not think twice to propose the website to any person who desires counselling about this issue.

  23. I simply had to thank you so much yet again. I am not sure what I could possibly have used in the absence of the type of creative concepts contributed by you relating to this question. It had been an absolute challenging difficulty in my circumstances, nevertheless looking at a new skilled form you resolved the issue took me to weep over contentment. I am happier for this help and thus trust you recognize what a powerful job that you are undertaking educating the others through your blog. Probably you have never come across all of us.

  24. I and my pals were actually following the excellent information and facts on your website and unexpectedly got a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to the site owner for them. These guys became totally warmed to see them and have in effect in actuality been using those things. Thank you for actually being quite considerate and also for picking this sort of amazing resources most people are really desirous to discover. My sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  25. I simply wanted to thank you very much all over again. I do not know the things that I would have made to happen in the absence of the hints shown by you directly on such subject matter. Previously it was the hard crisis in my position, however , being able to view this specialized style you managed that forced me to weep over delight. Extremely grateful for the guidance and then pray you are aware of a powerful job that you are providing instructing some other people thru your webblog. Most probably you haven’t encountered all of us.

  26. I have to express some thanks to the writer for bailing me out of such a challenge. Right after exploring throughout the online world and finding notions which are not powerful, I thought my life was done. Living without the approaches to the issues you’ve fixed by means of your main site is a serious case, as well as the kind which may have negatively damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed your site. That training and kindness in touching a lot of stuff was excellent. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a step like this. It’s possible to now relish my future. Thank you so much for your reliable and results-oriented guide. I will not be reluctant to refer your site to any individual who would like tips about this matter.

  27. I wanted to write you this bit of observation in order to give many thanks once again over the fantastic suggestions you’ve documented at this time. It is really strangely open-handed of you to offer publicly what exactly numerous people could have offered for sale for an electronic book to help make some profit for themselves, primarily seeing that you could possibly have tried it in the event you decided. These strategies also served to be the easy way to be certain that the rest have similar passion the same as my own to figure out way more with regard to this matter. I know there are several more enjoyable instances in the future for individuals who looked at your blog post.

  28. My spouse and i were so fortunate that Louis could finish up his studies from the precious recommendations he came across using your web pages. It’s not at all simplistic to just be giving for free tips and tricks that many some people have been trying to sell. We really do know we have you to be grateful to for this. Those illustrations you made, the simple website menu, the friendships you can assist to promote – it’s all unbelievable, and it’s assisting our son and us know that the idea is thrilling, and that is really indispensable. Many thanks for everything!

  29. I simply had to thank you so much once more. I am not sure what I would have made to happen without those solutions discussed by you about such a concern. This was a terrifying issue in my circumstances, but considering this professional avenue you solved the issue made me to weep over contentment. Extremely thankful for your work and thus hope that you find out what a great job you are always putting in instructing people today all through your websites. I know that you’ve never come across all of us.

  30. I am also writing to let you know of the exceptional encounter my cousin’s daughter found visiting the blog. She realized several things, not to mention what it’s like to possess a wonderful coaching spirit to let the others effortlessly understand certain complex subject matter. You truly exceeded my expectations. Thanks for imparting such useful, trusted, explanatory not to mention fun tips about the topic to Kate.

  31. I would like to get across my respect for your kind-heartedness giving support to people who absolutely need assistance with that concept. Your personal dedication to passing the message all through appeared to be really good and has frequently empowered folks like me to arrive at their targets. Your entire valuable key points can mean so much to me and especially to my colleagues. Best wishes; from everyone of us.

  32. I want to point out my love for your kind-heartedness giving support to women who really need assistance with this particular situation. Your real commitment to passing the message across appeared to be incredibly functional and have really enabled workers much like me to arrive at their desired goals. Your own invaluable instruction entails a great deal to me and substantially more to my mates. Regards; from everyone of us.

  33. I must show my thanks to the writer for rescuing me from such a incident. Just after scouting through the the web and meeting solutions that were not pleasant, I assumed my life was well over. Living minus the solutions to the problems you’ve resolved all through this write-up is a critical case, and the kind which may have adversely damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered the website. That ability and kindness in touching all the stuff was very helpful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a point like this. I can also at this time look forward to my future. Thank you very much for the impressive and result oriented guide. I won’t hesitate to suggest your web site to any individual who should have guide about this topic.

  34. I must express my appreciation to you for rescuing me from such a setting. Because of surfing around throughout the the net and seeing recommendations which are not powerful, I figured my entire life was over. Being alive minus the answers to the issues you have sorted out by means of your article content is a crucial case, as well as the ones that might have badly affected my entire career if I hadn’t discovered the blog. Your own personal training and kindness in controlling all the details was excellent. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come across such a point like this. I am able to now look forward to my future. Thanks so much for the impressive and results-oriented guide. I won’t think twice to suggest your blog post to anybody who should get guide on this problem.

  35. I actually wanted to write a comment in order to appreciate you for those lovely strategies you are placing at this website. My prolonged internet research has finally been rewarded with professional tips to talk about with my good friends. I ‘d point out that we visitors are really fortunate to live in a very good website with so many marvellous individuals with beneficial secrets. I feel really happy to have discovered the web site and look forward to some more pleasurable times reading here. Thank you once more for everything.

Deixe um comentário

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.